Rio Hill New

 

Charlottesville and Albemarle County were among the last communities in Virginia to erect a monument honoring Confederate soldiers from their area. The bronze statue, whose sculptor remains unknown, is most likely a mass-produced copy of a Confederate soldier "at ready."

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Court Square

 

Virginia Civil War Trails

Charlottesville has three sites that are marked with Civil War Trails signs: Downtown, Rio Hill and Scottsville. Click Here to find out more.

 

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Civil War

The Charlottesville-Albemarle area escaped many of the large Civil War engagements that were ever so common in Virginia. However, despite the lack of any major battlefield, the area has a strong narrative pertaining to the Civil War.

Within the borders of Albemarle County, the Confederate war effort was aided with a large contingent of enlistees, the production of uniforms, the production of some sword weaponry and the manufacture of artificial limbs.

Scan Your Civil War Documents

Saturday, Nov. 5
9:00 a.m. - 5 p.m.

The Library of Virginia is sending archivists to scan privately-held manuscript material for inclusion on both the Library of Virginia and the Virginia Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War Commission websites.

To make an appointment, please email Emma at civilwar150@albemarlehistory.org

Recognizing the central location of Charlottesville with its two major rail lines, the Confederate authorities established a hospital in Charlottesville to tend to the war wounded. This hospital opened in July 1861, just in time to receive the wounded by railroad from the 1st Battle of Manassas. Treating nearly 23,000 patients during the course of the war, the deceased soldiers were laid to rest in a cemetery that still sits within the grounds of the University of Virginia. Just south of Charlottesville, Scottsville was the site of a hospital from 1862-1863 and still houses a Confederate cemetery.

While Confederate forces were in and around the area, sometimes using Charlottesville-Albemarle to establish winter camps, the first incursion of Union forces occurred in February 1864 when a cavalry raid was directed toward Charlottesville with 1500 men under the command of Union General George A. Custer.  This raid resulted in the Battle of Rio Hill. Mistaking the true strength of the Confederate presence, Custer decided to withdraw after initially capturing a Confederate encampment. 

The second incursion occurred with just a month left before the end of the war. Union General Philip H. Sheridan along with Custer, made a raid through Albemarle County in March 1865. In this raid, they accepted the surrender of Charlottesville and proceeded with the destruction of mills, major bridges, and railroads leading in and out of the city. Further actions included the disruption of the James River Canal and the destruction of industry along the canal.

Search Listings

Showing 1-19 of 19

Howardsville

  • Howardsville Turnpike and James River Road
  • Scottsville, VA 22902
  • Fax: (434) 296-4576
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

After being admitted to the Virginia Bar in 1854, the future Colonel John S. Mosby set up his own law practice in Howardsville, a once thriving community on the James River and Kanawha Canal and at ... MORE >>

Confederate Memorial on Court Square

  • 0 Court Square
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • (434) 296-1492 | Fax: (434) 296-4576
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Charlottesville and Albemarle County were among the last communities in Virginia to erect a monument honoring Confederate soldiers from their area. The bronze statue, whose sculptor remains unknown, ... MORE >>

Confederate Monument, Confederate Cemetery, University of Virginia

  • Alderman Road and Cemetery Road
  • Charlottesville, VA 22903
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Unveiled on June 7, 1893, by Sallie Baker, daughter of former Confederate soldier, James B. Baker.  It was dedicated by the Ladies’ Confederate Memorial Association, a forerunner of the Albemarle ... MORE >>

Confederate Ovens at the Rotunda

  • University of Virginia
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • Fax: (434) 296-4576
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

According to a published history of the University of Virginia's Rotunda, "two small ovens were discovered during the 1970s restoration of the Rotunda, confirming that the lower east oval room was the ... MORE >>

Court Square of Charlottesville

  • 0 Court Square
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • (434) 296-1492 | Fax: (434) 296-4576
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Buildings within the historic Court Square include 300 Court Square, which is the site of the Eagle Tavern, a simple wooden frame building which stood there in 1791. The brick replacement, which ... MORE >>

Jackson Park

  • 501 East Jefferson Street
  • Charlottesville, VA 22901
  • (434) 970-3589
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Jackson Park consists of 0.4 acres and includes all of the property bordered by Jefferson Street, Fourth Street N.E., High Street and the Albemarle County Court Building. This property, once known as ... MORE >>

Lee Park

  • 2nd Street NE and Market Street
  • Charlottesville, VA 22901
  • (434) 970-3589
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Lee Park contains all of the land bounded by Jefferson Street, First Street N.E., Market Street and Second Street N.E. In 1917 Paul Goodloe McIntire donated the land to the City to be used as a public ... MORE >>

Old Albemarle County Jail

  • 409 East High Street
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • Fax: (434) 296-4576
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

In 1849 the future Colonel John S. Mosby entered the University of Virginia taking classical studies and joining a literary society. He studied Latin, Greek, and literature, all of which he enjoyed,. ... MORE >>

Old Hall

  • 354 Harrison Street
  • Scottsville, VA 24590
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

In early March 1865, Union Major General Wesley Merritt commandeered Old Hall as his headquarters during Major General Philip H. Sheridan's raid on Scottsville. According to "Scottsville on the ... MORE >>

Pavillion III

  • The Lawn at the University of Virginia
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

On May 15, 1894, seven women met at the home of Dr. Garnett in Pavillion III at the University of Virginia and founded what would become Albemarle Chapter No. 1, United Daughters of the ... MORE >>

Rio Mills

  • Rio Mills Road
  • Charlottesville, VA 22901
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

The 19th-century village of Rio Mills stood on the north bank of the Rivanna River near the base of the current reservoir dam. Following the Battle of Rio Hill on 29 February 1864, Union General ... MORE >>

Scottsville Cemetery

  • James River Road and Hardware Street
  • Scottsville, VA 24590
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

This cemetery is the final resting place of Dr. Oriana Moon, female surgeon at the Charlottesville General Hospital. There are also numerous Confederate veterans buried in this cemetery.

Scottsville Confederate Cemetery

  • Hardware Street and Confederate Street
  • Scottsville, VA 24590
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

The Scottsville Confederate Cemetery contains the graves of 41 Confederate soldiers who died in Scottsville hospitals - 1862-63.  The cemetery was restored between 1908-1914, and the Scottsville ... MORE >>

Scottsville Confederate Memorial

  • Corner of James River Road and Hardware Street
  • Scottsville, VA 24590
  • (434) 286-9267
  • Region: Scottsville
  •  

Scottsville Confederate Memorial: During the Civil War, a small hospital was located in the Baptist Church in Scottsville. Information regarding its operation is sparse, but about forty of the ... MORE >>

Scottsville Historic District

  • 401 Valley Street
  • Scottsville, VA 24590
  • (434) 286-9267
  • Region: Scottsville
  •  

Comprised of almost one hundred old buildings, the Scottsville Historic District is a wonderful reminder of 18th and 19th century life in rural Virginia. Almost half of the homes and buildings that ... MORE >>

Skirmish at Rio Hill Marker

  • Rio Hill Center
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • Region: Route 29 North
  •  

On February 29, 1864, General George A. Custer and 1500 cavalrymen made a diversionary raid Into Albemarle County. Here, north of Charlottesville, he attacked the Confederate winter camp of four ... MORE >>

Social Hall

  • 109 East Jefferson Street
  • Charlottesville, VA 22902
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Birth place of Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones, 20 July 1820. Jones was killed at the Battle of the Wilderness and his body was interred in Maplewood Cemetery, Charlottesville. Private ... MORE >>

Tudor Grove

  • 790 Old Lynchburg Road
  • Charlottesville, VA 22903
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Colonel John Singleton Mosby, nicknamed the "Gray Ghost", was a Conferate cavalry  battalion commander whose unit was known as Mosby's Rangers. He was born in Powhatan Countybut moved with his family ... MORE >>

University of Virginia Cemetery

  • Alderman Road and Cemetery Road
  • Charlottesville, VA 22903
  • Region: Miscellaneous/ Independent of Region
  •  

Final resting place of General Carnot Posey, who was wounded at the Battle of Bristoe Station in October 1863.  He was relocated to the home of friend, Dr. John Staige Davis, in Charlottesville, and ... MORE >>

Showing 1-19 of 19